March 6, 2023
From Communist Party Of USA

Marxist IQ: Women and the fight for democracy and socialism

This year’s United Nations-sponsored International Women’s Day on March 8th and Women’s History Month in the United States takes place after the extreme-right Supreme Court repealed Roe v. Wade. The Dobbs v. Jackson decision ranks as one of the worst in SCOTUS history. This Marxist IQ is dedicated to the mobilization of all working-class and democratic forces — including women’s rights and civil rights organizations, organized labor, and the peace movement — which is necessary to decisively defeat those who have brought about the repeal of Roe v. Wade.

1. Women in the 19th century, even though they themselves did not yet have the right to vote, were involved in struggles for women’s rights and in the movement for the liberation of the working class and the establishment of socialism. Which of the following women were members of the International Workingmen’s Association, led by Karl Marx (also known as the First International), or of the Paris Commune, which was the first revolutionary workers’ state in history, established in 1871?

a. Nathalie Lemel
b. Victoria Woodhull
c. Louise Michel
d. All of the above

2. Like May Day in the 1890s, the establishment of an International Women’s Day by the Socialist International before WWI grew out of a strike in

a. Moscow in 1905.
b. Rome in 1907.
c. New York in 1909.
d. Paris in 1910.

3. The Communist movement globally and the CPUSA specifically, in its development of a theoretical position on the “women’s question,” calls upon class-conscious male workers to

a. accept separate spheres for women and men.
b. fight consciously against male chauvinism and supremacy in all working-class organizations and throughout society, in order to unite the working class, and develop its leadership in the fight for democracy.
c. form separate unions for women workers.
d. oppose representation of women in upper management positions in the capitalist class as a divisive distraction from the class struggle.

4. Today, the movement for women’s equality can be seen fighting on many issues to regain lost ground and make new advances. Which of the following is not an example of this?

a. The defense and restoration of abortion and general reproductive rights in the wake of the Supreme Court’s repeal of Roe v. Wade
b. The revival of the campaign to enact the Equal Rights Amendment (ERA), which would make gender equality a part of the U.S. constitution
c. The defense and expansion of Affirmative Action for women and minorities in the wake of the threatened Supreme Court repeal of Affirmative Action policies
d. Support for U.S. interventions in Europe and Asia in the name of defending democracy and human rights

5. Women have played important leadership roles in the history of the CPUSA. Which of the following women were leading members of the Communist Party?

a. Claudia Jones
b. Elizabeth Gurley Flynn
c. Angela Davis
d. All of the above

Answers here.