The African Party for the Independence of Guinea Bissau (PAIGC) is the All-African People’s Revolutionary Party (AAPRP) inside of Guinea Bissau, and the AAPRP is the PAIGC outside of Guinea Bissau. This fact is critical for anyone seeking to understand the position of the AAPRP on current events in Guinea Bissau or our ongoing struggle to achieve Pan-Africanism: the total liberation and unification of Africa under scientific socialism.
The oneness of the PAIGC and AAPRP explains our general strategy to expose and defeat imperialism in the era of neo-colonialism. The union of thought, action, and organization of all the revolutionary African forces on the continent and around the world is the only way to establish the coordination necessary to effectively defeat imperialism, which is clearly united in its continuing oppression and exploitation of Africans scattered and suffering worldwide.
On June 4th, 2023, the masses of people in Guinea Bissau under the leadership of the PAIGC elected the PAI Terra Ranka Coalition to an absolute majority of the People’s National Assembly (ANP). This ANP elected the president of the PAIGC, Domingos Simoes Pereira, as its president, making him the second responsible in the state of Guinea Bissau. This election was another step in the protracted process to re-establish true democracy in Guinea Bissau. The final step in this process remains, to democratically unseat the illegitimate president, imperialist minion, Umaro Sisocco Embalo and his supporters in Madem G-15 who have consistently attacked the PAIGC/AAPRP.
THE SHARED HISTORY OF THE PAIGC AND THE AAPRP
The imperialist/neocolonial assault on Guinea Bissau and the PAIGC/AAPRP is not new, unique nor confined to the small West African state.
The struggle to achieve Pan-Africanism has a long and glorious history. In particular, the relationship between the PAIGC and the AAPRP can be traced directly to the struggle for political military coordination spearheaded by Kwame Nkrumah, Sékou Touré and Amilicar Cabral at the end of the colonial era.
A cursory look back shows the PAIGC being founded in 1956 under the leadership of Amílcar Cabral. In 1957, Ghana gained independence followed by Guinea in 1958. In 1960, the PAIGC found support and took comfort in the People’s Democratic Republic of Guinea, led by Ahmed Sékou Touré and the Democratic Party of Guinea (PDG). That same year, settlers massacred Africans in Sharpeville during the Positive Action Campaign of the Pan-Africanist Congress of Azania (PAC). This aggression amplified the 1961 assassination of Patrice Lumumba, and heightened the need for political coordination of Africa’s mass political parties. The historical relationship between Kwame Nkrumah (CPP), Sékou Touré (PDG), Amílcar Cabral (PAIGC) formed the context out of which the AAPRP was born (1968) and led over time, to merging the AAPRP and the PAIGC.
In 1961, the People’s Movement for the Liberation of Angola (MPLA), joined the PAIGC to direct combat against the Portuguese empire in Africa. The following year, the Conference of Nationalist Organizations of the Portuguese Colonies (CONCP) added the Mozambique Liberation Front (FRELIMO) and the CLSTP, forerunner of the Movement for the Liberation of São Tomé and Príncipe (MLSTP). In 1963, the PAIGC began the Guinea-Bissau People’s War of Independence.
In 1966, outraged by the growing unity of Africa’s fighting forces, the CIA overthrew Kwame Nkrumah’s CPP government in Ghana. This led Kwame Nkrumah to take up residence in Guinea, where he was appointed co-president with Ahmed Sékou Touré. In Guinea, he penned the Handbook of Revolutionary Warfare which called for the establishment of the AAPRP, whose first organized expression was the formation of a cadre circle in Guinea in 1968. This circle included a young Trinidadian-born “Black Power” advocate named Stokely Carmichael, who would later be known as Kwame Ture. The AAPRP and the PAIGC were each based in Guinea Conakry, hosted by the Democratic Party of Guinea (PDG), under the leadership of Sékou Touré and Kwame Nkrumah.
In 1970, with NATO support the Portuguese launched “Operação Mar Verde” (Operation Green Sea). This was a military amphibious attack on Conakry, the capital of Guinea, to overthrow Ahmed Sékou Touré‘s government, and assassinate Amílcar Cabral and Kwame Nkrumah. The Guinean military, PDG People’s Militia, PAIGC combatants and AAPRP cadre, resisted and defeated the attackers and captured their Guinean accomplices.
In April of 1972, Nkrumah died and Amílcar Cabral delivered the famous eulogy entitled “The Cancer of Betrayal”. In September of that year, the AAPRP was formally launched above ground in the diaspora at Howard University. In January 1973, Amílcar Cabral was assassinated in Guinea by the Portuguese colonialists and traitors, and in September of 1973, the first elected National People’s Assembly (ANP) approved their constitution and democratically approved the unilateral existence of the Republic of Guinea Bissau as an independent state.
We recall this brief history of revolutionary struggle by the CPP of Ghana, the PDG of Guinea, the PAIGC of Guinea Bissau, the MPLA of Angola, the PAC of Azania and the AAPRP to highlight a few examples of our shared experience, ideology, and objectives. To show, in particular, our struggle to establish political and military coordination in the struggle to achieve Pan-Africanism. The codification of this collective effort was formalized in Nkrumah’s call for the All-African Committee for Political Coordination (AACPC) and All-African People’s Revolutionary Army (AAPRA), in the Handbook of Revolutionary Warfare.
Our imperialist enemies are well aware of this common history and have spent over sixty years trying to divide and conquer our unified revolutionary force. Lies, deception, psychological warfare, economic sabotage, invasion, assassination, infiltration, mass repression, military and civilian coup d’etats, via the CIA, Mossad, MI6 and DGSI counterinsurgency campaigns are the tools employed by imperialists to stop us. We have seen, felt, and been harmed by them all. We have also learned from them all. Our protracted history of struggle and trauma makes our earlier statement clear, —“The current imperialist/neocolonial assault on Guinea Bissau and the PAIGC is not new, unique nor confined to our small West African state.” We put forward this statement to make clear to all:
ATTACKS ON THE PAIGC ARE ATTACKS ON THE AAPRP!
THE CURRENT SITUATION
Umaro Embalo came to power through a rigged election held in December of 2019. The PAIGC had already won a slight majority in the ANP in the legislative elections of March 2019 and democratically formed its government. After interference by the Supreme Court, working in collusion with the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) along with then president of Senegal, Macky Sall, the PAIGC government was illegally overturned. This was all in the interest of western imperialist powers led by the US and their French junior partners.
With the aim of denying the establishment of true democracy in Guinea Bissau, Umaro Sisocco Embalo and his cohorts in Madem G-15 launched attacks on PAIGC that included: kidnappings, beatings, imprisonment, violent assaults on radio stations, murders, and other forms of repression. They violently raided PAIGC headquarters to prevent us from holding the party congresses constitutionally required to participate in national elections. They rigged the election processes, attacked the Supreme Court of Justice and forced judges to resign from the courts. The illegitimate Embalo regime even staged a fake coup in February of 2022 and called ECOWAS to protect it under the direction of Macky Sall and the other neo-colonial West African states who control ECOWAS. Through these comprador, neocolonial puppets, imperialism tightened its grip on Guinea Bissau’s political and economic institutions and plunged our small West African state into abject poverty.
In the face of this repression the PAIGC undertook the painstaking task of organizing the masses of the people in Guinea Bissau to re-assert our power by building a national consensus on the base of a truly mass organization. The people withstood Embalo’s attacks in preparation for reclaiming power in the June 2022 election. In the process we strengthened the PAIGC, turning it into a truly mass party, on the road to transforming Guinea Bissau into a people’s democratic republic.
AFRICAN UNITY AND MASS ORGANIZATION: THE ONLY SOLUTION
As in previous attempts to maintain power in the interest of imperialism, the Embalo regime consistently used intimidation, terror, murder and psychological warfare with the backing of Western imperialist powers, including the Zionist state of Israel, as well as the comprador class of ECOWAS.
After taking control of the state the illegal regime, who are well past their mandate and in violation of the constitution, dissolved the National People’s Assembly, arrested the Minister of Finance, and are now calling for the arrest (and in some quarters the execution) of the PAIGC president; Domigos Simoes Pereira. We tell Embalo what Fidel Castro told the US in regard to Kwame Ture, “Do not touch a single hair on his head, otherwise we take maximum retaliation!”
The AAPRP comes forward to declare that enough is enough. With the PAIGC, we are working to build an All-African Committee for Political Coordination to establish continental, political-military coordination, linked to a global united front of organized Pan-Africanist forces. We oppose Embalo in Guinea Bissau, just as we oppose all of the neocolonial puppets across the African world. We unapologetically aim at the absolute destruction of all neocolonial regimes including that of Umaro Embalo. This regime will be dealt a final blow by the organized masses of Guinea Bissau with the support of all the democratic, progressive, revolutionary forces worldwide.
Global imperialism’s anti-people class is constantly seeking ways to prevent the emergence of any independent, democratic, and revolutionary Pan-Africanist state in Africa. They do this to keep Africa and the world dependent on western imperialism through the institutions of neo-colonialism, settler colonialism, white supremacy, patriarchy and Zionism.
BUILDING THE ALL-AFRICAN COMMITTEE FOR POLITICAL COORDINATION
Imperialism is an intricate global structure. This structure maintains power through the military, political, economic alliance of imperialist nations and capitalist institutions. To defeat imperialism, African people throughout the continent and around the world must be organized. The organization we require must have a mass content, a continental scope and a global reach.
The AAPRP and PAIGC know that we are only a small part of the political formation Africans need to defeat imperialism. Our strategy is to build a single revolutionary, political formation with a mass continental structure. We need an All-African People’s Revolutionary Army (AAPRA) led by an All-African Committee for Political Coordination (AACPC). We build the AACPC to link all of Africa’s struggling parties and parties in power together under a common ideology (Nkrumahism-Touréism-Cabralism). The call for these political military formations was first outlined by Kwame Nkrumah in the Handbook of Revolutionary Warfare in 1968. The absolute necessity for these politico-military formations has been confirmed by the most advanced revolutionary theory and 66 years of bitter neo-colonial experience. The AAPRP and PAIGC are therefore committed to building the All-African Committee for Political Coordination.
The current resistance to neo-colonialism in the former French colonies of Mali, Burkina and Niger has crystallized into an Alliance of Sahelian States. This alliance is a regional example of the form of organization we must build on a continental scale. Through coordinated revolutionary action we will defeat the enemies of the African masses and bring about Pan-Africanism, —the total liberation and unification of Africa under an all-African scientific socialist government.
AFRICA MUST UNITE!
The forces of division among Africa’s people are an alliance of various pan-European factions practicing imperial domination over the people and resources of Africa. To achieve self-determination, we too must be united across the colonial borders drawn by European states. The relationship between individual African states and the continent as a whole is a dialectical one. Therefore, the people of Guinea Bissau cannot truly be free until Africa is free and Africa cannot truly be free until Guinea Bissau is free.
The capitalist anti-people class has amassed vast wealth and resources on the backs of the African people. Without Africa, the riches of the West would cease to exist. So in order for imperialism to die, Africa must unite to achieve sovereignty and put an end to neo-colonialism.
The people of Guinea Bissau, the PAIGC and Pan-Africanists around the world will defeat the reactionary regime of Umaro Sisocco Embalo and his cohorts, Madem G-15. We do this understanding that the liberation of Guinea Bissau is meaningless unless it is connected to the total liberation and unification of Africa under a scientific socialist government. The achievement of Pan-Africanism will be the death of imperialism. Our solemn pledge to humanity is this:
“IMPERIALISM WILL FIND ITS GRAVE IN AFRICA!”
All-African People’s Revolutionary Party